Samuel Wood is the third of our Revolutionary War patriot ancestors and the only one to file a pension. Although we know little about his early life, we do know that he exemplified a true early American spirit. From his military pay stubs and his pension applications, we know that he served under Nathaniel Greene and Francis Marion, also know as the elusive Swamp Fox. Sam Wood had a close call at the Battle of Ninety Six. This is the only battle in which we have definitive proof that he fought and that places him in South Carolina at the time of the Revolutionary War. He requested reimbursement for a lost horse. Many of the family surnames that intermarried with the Wood family were on the 1779 tax rolls of the Old 96th District in South Carolina — Abney, Baker, Moore, Morris, Wilson & Wood.
Although it is generally believed that Sam Wood came to Kentucky’s Cow Creek area around the time of statehood in 1790, the first clear evidence of his residency in Kentucky is his eldest son’s 1808 marriage in Clay County and the family’s enumeration in the 1810 Clay County census.
The Wood family was a typical family of their time and place. They were hard working farmers in the Clay County, Kentucky struggling to make a living from the land. Twice Sam applied for and was granted pensions for his war service. His three known children were all married in Clay County. Our line of descent comes through his oldest son, John, who was the administrator of his father’s estate when he died in 1825. Many descendants of old Sam’s younger son, Sam Jr. remain in Kentucky today and spell their surname with an “s” on the end — Woods. Through DNA studies, we know that our family and the Woods are related. (Note: We are Group 12)
Henry Hugh Wood, pictured at right, was the great grandson of Samuel Wood, the Revolutionary War patriot. He was the first generation to give up farming and became the local merchant in Wildie, Rockcastle County, Kentucky. At the age of 34 he married Eliza Susan Stewart. She was 31. They had two successful sons who left Kentucky, first to serve in World War I and then to work for a large Cincinnati company. The Kentucky spirit never left their souls. Both returned to Kentucky to rest.
Henry Hugh Wood
Eliza Susan Stewart
20 January 1892
His oldest son
Thomas J. Wood
(This document shows both a Samuel Wood & Samuel Woods. One was a private, one was a lieutenant.
This matches the Clay County Court Order & also shows the same death date.)
Samuel Wood’s 1818
Rev. War Pension